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44CON 2019 has ended
Wednesday, September 11 • 18:45 - 19:44
Daniel Romero & Mario Rivas - Mundane office equipment: The front door to persistence on enterprise networks

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The security of common enterprise infrastructure devices such as desktops and laptops has advanced over the years through incremental improvements in operating system and endpoint security. However, security controls for network devices such as enterprise printers are often ignored and thus present a greater potential for exploitation and compromise by threat actors seeking to gain a persistent foothold on target organisations.

In order to assess the current state of mainstream enterprise printer product security and to challenge common assumptions made about the security of these devices, which sit on key parts of enterprise networks and process sensitive data, we set out on a vulnerability and exploitation research project of six known vendors. We were able to find remote vulnerabilities in all printers tested through various attack vectors, revealing a large number of 0-day vulnerabilities in the process.

In this talk we walk through the entire research engagement, from initial phases such as threat modelling to understand printer attack surfaces to the development of attack methodologies and fuzzing tools used to target printer-specific protocols and functions. Besides of remarking important vulnerabilities found and their respective CVE’s, proof of concept exploits showing how it is possible to gain full control of printers and all of the data they manage will be presented. This will show how to use enterprise printers as a method of persistence on a network, perhaps to exfiltrate sensitive data or support C2 persistence on Red Team engagements.

We also address a number of challenges that researchers can face when performing vulnerability research on devices such as printers and how we used different techniques to overcome these challenges, working with limited to no debugging and triage capabilities. We also present mitigations that printer manufacturers can implement in order to reduce printer attack surfaces and render exploitation more difficult.

Speakers
DR

Daniel Romero

Managing Security Consultant, NCC Group
Daniel is currently a security consultant and researcher at NCC Group. During his career he has worked in interesting security projects, always trying to “break” as much as possible. In the last years Daniel has mostly been focused on embedded devices / IoT and all what surrounds... Read More →
MR

Mario Rivas

Senior Security Consultant, NCC Group
Mario is a penetration tester and security consultant at NCC Group in Madrid. His interests revolve around all areas of computer security, always trying to learn new things, and specially enjoying writing tools during the process to make his life a bit easier.


Wednesday September 11, 2019 18:45 - 19:44
* Track 1 *

Attendees (26)